• The Oncologist

World Health Organisation Key Cancer Information

^ Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, and is responsible for an estimated 9.6 million deaths in 2018. Globally, about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer.

^ Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries.

^ Around one third of deaths from cancer are due to the 5 leading behavioral and dietary risks: high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity, tobacco use, and alcohol use.

^ Tobacco use is the most important risk factor for cancer and is responsible for approximately 22% of cancer deaths.Cancer causing infections, such as hepatitis and human papilloma virus (HPV), are responsible for up to 25% of cancer cases in low- and middle-income countries.

^ Late-stage presentation and inaccessible diagnosis and treatment are common. In 2017, only 26% of low-income countries reported having pathology services generally available in the public sector. More than 90% of high-income countries reported treatment services are available compared to less than 30% of low-income countries.The economic impact of cancer is significant and is increasing.

^ The total annual economic cost of cancer in 2010 was estimated at approximately US$ 1.16 trillion (4).

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